Military / S-200 SA-5 air defence missile


S-200 SA-5 air defence missile

The S-200 Angara/Vega/Dubna, NATO reporting name SA-5 Gammon, is a very long range, medium-to-high altitude surface-to-air missile (SAM) system designed in the 1960s to defend large areas from bomber attack or other strategic aircraft. Each battalion has 6 single-rail missile launchers for the 10.72 m long missiles and a fire control radar. It can be linked to other, longer-range radar systems.

Iran acquired several S-200 systems from the Soviet Union in the late 1980s. Iran purached three units with a total of 10-15 launchers-enough for six sites. Nowadays, the S-200 is considered obsolete in comparison with the S-300. Ghareh is Iranian made upgraded copy of SA-5 Gammon with 250 km range. (2)

S-200 uses liquid fuel and liquid oxidizer. The oxidizernitric is AK27 that contains nitric acid 73% with dinitrogen tetroxide 27%. (1) The oxidizer is corrosive and poisonous. The oxidizer can´t be stored in the missile and it must be fuelled to the missile before launch.


Square Pair radar in fixed position.


Square Pair radar on trailer. I takes long time to deconstruct the radar to transport condition.


Irans S-200 on launcher



Irans S-200 missile on transporter.


Irans P-14 early warning VHF radar

Technical drawning of a SA-2 missile. Click to enlarge.

Links to sources:
S-200 in Wikipedia.
Lots of satellite images and information about radars
S-200 in Air Power Australia
P-14 radar in Wikipedia
P-14 radar and other Low Band Surveillance Radars in Air Power Australia
(2) Equipment of Iranian army in Wikipedia.
(1) Liquid-propellant rocket in Wikipedia.